22 April 2024

ERC Advanced Grant for Thomas Udem: Precise measurement of the energies of selected transitions in the hydrogen atom

Prof. Thomas Udem, group leader at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics and MCQST member, has successfully acquired an Advanced Grant from the European Research Council (ERC) with a volume of 2.5 million euros. The researcher will use the funds to further advance precision experiments on the spectroscopy of atomic hydrogen and deuterium and thus gradually uncover new physics beyond the standard model. Two experiments for the precise measurement of certain transition frequencies in hydrogen are currently in place at the MPQ. Another experiment, in which researchers seek to develop an optical hydrogen clock, is currently being set up. The High Resolution Laser Spectroscopy of Atomic Hydrogen and Deuterium" (H-SPECTR) project will officially start in September, with at least three vacancies to be filled by then.

A new experiment to develop an optical hydrogen clock is being set up. © C. Hohmann / MCQST
It was often precisely the discrepancies between theory and experiment that advanced physics significantly. Today, it is the most precise theory in physics and served as a blueprint for all subsequent field theories. However, as is known from observations of the cosmos, unknown physics beyond the so-called standard model must exist. It probably lies hidden where no one has been looking, e.g. at very high energies or extreme precision. Spectroscopy of atomic hydrogen and similar systems is almost indispensable to make progress with the so-called precision limit. Because the simplicity of their structure with just one electron is the key to discovering new fundamental physics.

Wanting to test quantum electrodynamics means checking the consistency of the parameters on which the theory is based in as many measurements as possible. Spectroscopic data also provide the input for determining the best values for the fundamental constants. The greatest leverage in determining the Rydberg constant currently lies in the 1S-3S transition frequency, which Thomas Udem's group aims to improve as part of this proposal.

A second apparatus provides a cold beam of atomic hydrogen and deuterium in the metastable 2S state. This will be applied in a series of measurements that use the 2S state as the ground state. As another step, the physicists plan to develop a method for trapping atomic hydrogen in an optical dipole trap in which they can lock the atoms in such a way that their excitation can be measured with great precision. Trapped hydrogen atoms can be used for a new type of optical atomic clock whose frequency is calculable using QED. This would allow the second to be defined in terms of other natural constants. Such a procedure opens up advantages in the realisation of measurement units and is already used for all other units.

"The ERC Advanced Grant is very important for us, because it allows us to continue our research on hydrogen. New physics beyond the standard model may be lurking in the decimal places and we can only get to it with ultra-precise spectroscopic measurements," says Thomas Udem, head of the research group.

Source: MPQ Website

Open positions in the Udem Group

Thomas Udem's group currently consists of two postdoctoral researchers, one doctoral student, two Master's students and two interns. For the new five-year H-SPECTR project, the group is looking to fill additional positions - at least two doctoral positions and one postdoctoral position. Applicants can send their documents directly to Thomas Udem at thomas.udem[at]mpq.mpg.de.

Discover more about the group's experiments:

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